They may be required to provide guardian consent in order to work or access healthcare.
Vision 2030 was later accompanied by the National Transformation Program (NTP), which sets specific benchmarks to achieve by 2020.
At the most elementary level, education took place in the , a class of Quran recitation for children usually attached to a mosque, or as a private tutorial held in the home under the direction of a male or female professional Quran reader, which was usually the case for girls.
In the late nineteenth century, nonreligious subjects were also taught under Ottoman rule in the Hijaz and Al Ahsa Province, where schools specializing in Quran memorization sometimes included arithmetic, foreign language, and Arabic reading in the curriculum.
Saudi Arabia’s discriminatory male guardianship system remains intact despite government pledges to abolish it.
Under this system, adult women must obtain permission from a male guardian—usually a husband, father, brother, or son—to travel, marry, or exit prison.